Women generally experience hormonal changes in some conditions when during pre menstrual syndrome, menopause, puberty, gestation, and the period after pregnancy. These hormonal changes cause changes in mood, weight, appetite and desire to have sex. The effects of these hormonal changes often cause women to lose control and tend to experience stress, anxiety, and depression.
Hormonal changes during puberty may increase the risk of emotional changes. Emotional changes in puberty have a low risk of depression. The occurrence of depression during puberty is affected by other conditions such as:
Changes in sexual organs on the physical
Conflict with parent
Pressure on school and social environment
Women who are already puberty are at higher risk for depression than men.
In the pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) generally experience symptoms such as abdominal bloating, breast pain, headache, anxiety, irritability and unexpected sadness in a short time. However, in some women experienced severe PMS to interfere with daily activities.
The impact of PMS is caused by the possibility of changes in the cycle of estrogen, progesterone, and other hormones that can interfere with the function of brain chemicals such as serotonin in charge of emotional control. In addition to hormonal disorders, emotional changes are also influenced by other factors such as family conditions or social environment conditions.
Hormonal changes dramatically occur during pregnancy and can affect the emotional state. There are other factors that can increase the risk of depression during pregnancy, such as
Increased stress due to lifestyle or job change.
Problems with family relationships
Have been depressed before pregnancy
Lack of social support
Have an unwanted pregnancy
Having a miscarriage
Stop the use of antidepressant drugs
The period after pregnancy
Hormonal changes after childbirth can lead to disruption of emotional stability. Signs and symptoms that often occur are sad, angry, irritable, and easy to cry for no apparent reason. It is known as baby blues syndrome is a normal condition experienced by women after childbirth. Baby blues syndrome is experienced for one or two weeks, if over that time span increases the risk of postpartum depression. Here are the signs of postpartum depression:
Feeling inferior or feeling like a bad mother.
Experiencing anxiety or numbness
Have trouble sleeping
Experiencing an inability to care for the baby
Having thoughts harms the baby
Have thoughts of suicide
Approximately 10-15% of women experience depression after childbirth and require treatment therapy. Depression is affected by:
Hormonal changes that can affect the emotional state
Responsibility for caring for a newborn
Have birth complications
Having breastfeeding problems
The baby has complications or birth defects
No or less get support from family
Pre-menopausal and menopausal periods
The risk of depression may increase when in the pre-menopausal period due to the erratic increase in hormones. The risk of depression can also increase during menopause or after menopause due to a significant decrease in estrogen hormone. In general, women experience menopausal symptoms that interfere but do not cause depression. The following factors can increase the risk of depression:
Have trouble sleeping
Have anxiety or have a history of depression
Experiencing stress due to personal problems
Experiencing early menopause
Menopause caused by surgical removal of the ovaries