Knowing the start and end time of menstruation helps to understand normal and abnormal conditions. Most of the occurrence of irregular menstrual cycles is not caused by dangerous health conditions. When menstruation is delayed and sure not pregnant and feel healthy then there is no need to worry about.
What is the menstrual cycle?
The menstrual cycle is a series of monthly changes that a woman’s body needs to achieve in order to prepare for the possibility of pregnancy. Every month, one of the ovaries releases an egg called ovulation. At the same time there is also a hormonal change preparing the uterus for pregnancy. If the process of ovulation occurs and the egg is not fertilized, the lining of the uterus will decay and exit through the vagina. This is called the menstrual period.
What is a normal menstrual cycle?
The menstrual cycle is calculated from the first day of menstruation this month until the first day of menstruation in the following month. The menstrual cycle can occur every 21 to 35 days and the length of the menstrual period is two to seven days. In the first few years after menstruation begins there is often a long cycle. The menstrual cycle tends to be shorter and more regular with age.
Regular menstrual cycles have the same cycle length each month. Normal menstrual cycles also include slightly irregular menstrual cycles, mild or severe bleeding, cause pain or not, menstrual cycle is long or short.
The use of certain contraceptives such as birth control pills and IUD contraceptives will be able to change the menstrual cycle. Another condition that can change the menstrual cycle is when menopause occurs. However, due to the risk of cervical cancer it is necessary medical examination when irregular menstrual cycle occurs.
How to know the menstrual cycle?
Recording the menstrual cycle in the calendar is a way to know the normal menstrual cycle in a person. Start by marking the calendar at the time of menstruation each month. Here are some things to note:
The last day of menstruation.
It aims to know the length or shortness of the menstrual cycle.
Frequency of pads replacement in a day
It aims to know the amount of bleeding that occurs. And to see if there is a blood clot.
Time if there is bleeding between menstrual schedules.
Explain the pain that occurs.
Other changes occur like mood or behavior changes.
What is the cause of irregular menstruation?
Irregular menstrual cycles have several causes, such as:
Pregnancy or breastfeeding
Not getting mestruasi can be one of the early signs of pregnancy. Breastfeeding may cause delay in menstruation.
Eating disorders or weight loss
Eating disorders such as the occurrence of anorexia, extreme weight loss and increased physical activity can disrupt menstruation.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
These endocrine system abnormalities in women can cause irregular menstruation and fluid-filled ovarian enlargement.
Impaired ovarian function
A normal ovarian function disorder before the age of 40 may have irregular menstruation or only occasional menses for years.
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Reproductive organ infections can cause irregular periods.
The growth of a lump instead of cancer in the uterus can lead to heavy menstruation and prolonged periods of menstruation.
Is there a way to prevent irregular menstruation?
For some women, the use of birth control pills can help regulate the menstrual cycle. Treatment for basic problems such as eating disorders. But there are some menstrual irregularities can not be prevented. Here are some things you can consult with your doctor:
Menstruation suddenly stops more than 90 days and is not pregnant.
The menstrual cycle becomes erratic, after a regular menstrual cycle.
Having bleeding for more than seven days.
Have heavier bleeding than usual or need to change pads every one or two hours.
The duration of the menstrual cycle is less than 21 days or more than 35 days.
Having bleeding between menstrual schedules.
Experiencing severe pain during menstruation.
Have a fever and feel pain after use of pads.